33  ATM cost-effectiveness indicators



33.2 Description

The ACE benchmarking reports comprise data about and analysis of cost-effectiveness and productivity for the ANSPs in EUROCONTROL’s Member States. The key performance drivers of cost-effectiveness are:

  • Productivity

  • Employment costs

  • Support costs, comprising costs for non-ATCOs in OPS employment, non-staff operating costs, exceptional costs, depreciation and capital-related costs

The 2020 key performance drivers of financial cost-effectiveness for each ANSP are summarised in Figure 0.4 of the source document.[1] There is a wide variation in each of the components:

  • ATCO productivity ranges from 0.08 to 1.29 (figure 2.8 of the source document)

  • Employment costs per ATCO-hour vary from a minimum of €16 to a maximum of €345 per ATCO-hour in purchasing power parity terms (figure 2.10 of the source document)

  • Support cost ratios as a component of gate-to-gate cost-effectiveness vary from 1.9 to 7.9 in 2020 (ratio G2G ANS staff/ATCOs in OPS in Annex 5; Table 0.5 of the source document


The employment costs above refer to gate-to-gate cost, i.e. en route and terminal costs, and are expressed in nominal prices.

33.4 References

EUROCONTROL PRU, “Air traffic management cost-effectiveness (ACE) benchmarking report for 2020 with 2021-2024 outlook,” 2022 [Online]. Available: https://www.eurocontrol.int/publication/air-traffic-management-cost-effectiveness-ace-benchmarking-report-2020