37  Airport classification



37.2 Description

An airport can be classified in several ways. Here we focus on categorisation of airports according to the number of IFR movements.

The list of airports used for this classification was developed using a two-step procedure:

Step 1: The initial worldwide airport list provided by the EUROCONTROL Performance Review Unit (PRU) was restricted to airports located in ECAC Member States and having both ICAO and IATA codes, in order to focus on airports providing commercial air transport services (1 079 airports).

Step 2: Seventy-seven airports located in ECAC Member States were added to the airport list in order to scope all airports for which the EUROCONTROL PRU provided operational data.


Statistics on individual airport movements and operations at Airports can be downloaded from the Aviation Intelligence Unit Dashboard.[1]

37.3 Other possible sources

Information on airports that have implemented a collaborative decision-making (A-CDM) can be found via this link.

Airport CDM (A-CDM) aims to improve the overall efficiency of airport operations by optimising the use of resources and improving the predictability of events. It focuses especially on aircraft turnaround and pre-departure sequencing processes.

The A-CDM concept has been globally recognised. A-CDM is fully implemented in 30 airports across Europe (status: December 2020), including Amsterdam, Barcelona, Bergamo, Berlin Brandenburg “Willy Brandt”, Brussels, Copenhagen, Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Geneva, Hamburg, Helsinki, Lisbon, London Gatwick, London Heathrow, Lyon, Madrid, Milan Malpensa, Milan Linate, Munich, Naples, Nice, Paris CDG, Paris Orly, Oslo, Palma de Mallorca, Prague, Rome Fiumicino, Stockholm Arlanda, Stuttgart, Venice, Warsaw and Zurich.

More details for a selected airport are available in the EUROCONTROL Public Airport Corner.[2]


The mapping of airports to categories in the recommended value is purely indicative and is based on the situation in 2018. The mapping of airports will most probably change significantly as a result of COVID from 2020 onwards. The local situation of many airports may not be known or be interpreted differently. Final applicability of the assigning of airports to categories needs to be checked and confirmed by the appropriate airport or authority.

37.6 References

EUROCONTROL AIU, AIU portal.” [Online]. Available: https://ansperformance.eu/data/. [Accessed: Dec. 01, 2022]
EUROCONTROL, “Airport corner.” [Online]. Available: https://www.eurocontrol.int/tool/airport-corner