Between 2010 and 2014, economic costs per composite flight-hour decreased by -5.4% p.a. in real terms, mainly due to substantial decreases in ATFM delays unit costs (-23.4% p.a.). Over this period, ATM/CNS provision costs remained close to their 2010 level (-0.1% p.a.) while the number of composite flight-hours slightly increased (+1.0% p.a.).
In 2015, composite flight-hours rose faster (+1.7%) than ATM/CNS provision costs (+0.5%) and as a result unit ATM/CNS provision costs reduced by -1.2%. However, since the unit costs of ATFM delays increased by +38.8%, unit economic costs rose by +3.2% compared to 2014. This is the first increase in unit economic costs since 2010.
In 2015, the economic cost-effectiveness indicator at Pan-European level in 2015 amounts to €501 per composite flight-hour, and, on average, ATFM delays represent 15% of the total economic costs.
In 2015 unit economic costs ranged from €870 for Skyguide to €191 for MATS; a factor of more than four.
It is important to note that, for ANSPs operating outside of the Euro zone (such as Skyguide), substantial changes of the national currency against the Euro may significantly affect the level of 2015 unit economic costs when expressed in Euro. More information on exchange rates variations and their impact on unit costs is provided in the ACE Benchmarking Reports